Beaked whale listing a blow against oil exploration plans in the Balearic Islands

Beaked whale listing a blow against oil exploration plans in the Balearic Islands

Quito/Madrid/Zurich, 11th November 2014: With the adoption of the highest protection status for the Cuvier’s beaked whale within the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) last week at the 11th Conference of the Parties (COP) in Quito, Ecuador, the planned oil exploration activities in the Balearic Islands take another blow. The conservation groups Alianza Mar Blava, NRDC and OceanCare consequently expect a negative environmental impact statement (EIS) to be issued from the Spanish Ministry of the Environment.
The proposal to gain the highest protection status for this species had been developed by the Spanish Ministry of the Environment, became a joint proposal by the European Union and was adopted per consensus at the CMS COP11. The initiative based on recommendations by scientific bodies will certainly have an impact on the management of human activities in core habitats of this species.
The decision by the Spanish Ministry of the Environment to refuse granting a licence for seismic surveys off Malaga in the Alboran Sea in October this year is already regarded as a milestone in environmental policy in the Mediterranean by recognizing the potential impacts of such activities. The official statement for the negative EIS is based on the conclusion that “measures provided in the Environmental Impact Study do not offer sufficient guarantees to correct the impacts that this activity could generate”.
The Cuvier’s Beaked whale is a rare deep diving species which is particularly vulnerable to underwater noise. Among its core habitats in the Mediterranean Sea are regions in the Alboran Sea as well as off the Balearic Islands within Spanish waters, as well as the Hellenic Trench in Greek waters. The Cuvier’s beaked whale is the whale species most involved in single species mass stranding events (45.8% of all recorded mass strandings). 54 of the recorded mass strandings involving this species 25, involving in total 106 animals, occurred in the Mediterranean Sea. Strandings significantly correlated with navy exercises, but also seismic surveys.
“Alongside the Cuvier’s beaked whale, 24 cetacean species would be affected by underwater noise caused by seismic oil and gas explorations in the waters of the Balearic Islands. For this reason, and because compensatory measures are not possible, the environmental impact statement can only reject the plans by the petroleum company Cairn Energy”, says Carlos Bravo, coordinator with the local Alianza Mar Blava.
Seismic Surveys using airguns which submit explosions with up to 260 dB, directed to the seabed around every 10 seconds over several weeks or even months, are among the most intense and loudest sounds created by humans and may have significant impacts on marine wildlife beyond whale species.
“The ruling whether seismic surveys can proceed in the waters of the Balearic Islands posing a threat also to important habitats for Cuvier’s beaked whales will be a judgement day for how serious decision makers take species conservation. Based on the facts on the table, we are convinced that the Spanish Ministry of Environment is left with no other choice than to reject the Cairn application and any others to come”, affirms Nicolas Entrup, speaking on behalf of the international conservation organisations OceanCare and NRDC.
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OceanCare initiated the campaign “Silent Oceans” and is working for the protection of oceans and marine life since 1989. Through scientific and conservation projects, campaigns and intensive work in international fora, OceanCare is taking concrete steps to improve living conditions in the world’s oceans. The organisation was appointed UN Special Consultant for marine protection in 2011 and is an official partner of the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans in the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea (ACCOBAMS).
NRDC is a major American non-profit organization of scientists, lawyers and environmental specialists dedicated to protecting public health and the environment. Founded in 1970, the organization has 1.3 million members and online activists, supporting national and international work on energy, wildlife, oceans, and other issues.
Alianza Mar Blava is a cross-sector alliance with more than 75 members of public, private and social institutions, representing the full range of social and economic actors in the Ibiza and Formentera isles in the Balearic Islands. It is composed by public administrations (the governments of the islands and the town halls); economic sectors such as fishing communities, the tourist and nautical sectors; social organizations, including environmentalists, trade unions and institutions. This diverse structure gives Alianza Mar Blava an unusual level of representation and demonstrates undeniably the opposition generated by these oil projects.

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